Zagori : The Kingdom of Infinite Country
Epirus—rightfully called “the infinite country” since ancient times, got this epithet from its mountains which row after row dominate the horizon, making the region to appear endless. Zagori, one of the most astounding places you’ll ever see, is hidden in the heart of this isolated region of northwestern Greece.
Its forty six villages called Zagorochoria are nestled between these mountains that along with gorges, forests, and rivers form one of the most pristine and radiant natural reserves in Europe. Zagori is a part of the greater mountain range of Pindus which starts in Albania and heads south, crossing the border and running the Greek mainland like a spine.
Zagori provokes nostalgia like a magical kingdom in the middle of an ancient country. According to century-old legends, robbers, elves, fairies, and dragons used to roam this land, something that adds to the magnetism of the place and really stirs one’s imagination.
Astraka covered with clouds
The diversity of landscapes is phenomenal. The dense forests of the lowlands are supplied with fresh gargling water from springs, streams and rivers which carry it all the way from the snow-beaten peaks of Mt. Tymfi. Ascend beyond the tree line, and the lush forests turn into fertile plateaus with emerald grasslands that feed the cattle, and alpine lakes that water them. High fierce mountains with tall craggy peaks stand guard, allowing only for the clouds to pass through; trapping them in the elevated plains, and creating a thick mist that covers the pastures like cotton.
Sarakatsani—an old nomadic tribe of herdsmen, used to shepherd their flocks up here during spring, spending the whole summer until time came, once more, to guide them back to the lowlands before the first snow. Some of the shacks they’ve built still stand, and are used by modern shepherds who still bring cattle up here.
Except for livestock, Zagori hosts an extended variety of wildlife like: brown bears, wolves, wild cats ,and lynxes. They rarely come across people and most of the times stay away from the villages.
Astraka refuge as seen from the east
The isolated location played a significant role during the Turkish occupation. When Sinan Pasha entered Giannena (capital of Epirus) in 1430 a group of delegates from west Zagori descended to the city and signed a treaty with him that ensured Zagori would remain autonomous and that Zagorisians wouldn’t pay haratsi (the tax that Turks imposed to conquered territories). Their only obligation was to send a number of men every year (they were called Voinikides) to serve as grooms in the imperial court for fifty days. It is many of those men who stayed there after their duty was over and became the first emigrants. Starting a tradition in which the Zagorisians would be merchants and suppliers in many countries from Turkey and Moldavia to Vlachia, Hungary and Austria among others.
These conditions helped Zagori to flourish when the rest of Greece was sunken into darkness and poverty. The families became matriarchal in the absence of men. Schools and churches were built by local benefactors who sent home everything they made while working abroad and It was during those times that most of the stone bridges were built.
Unfortunately peace wasn’t meant to last for ever. Many villages were burned by the Nazis during the second world war for hiding members of the resistance and as retaliation for battles that took place around there. Right after, the Greek civil war finished what the Nazis had started and Zagorochoria got almost deserted.
The yard of Agia Paraskevi monastery
Today, less than four thousand people populate Zagori, making it one of the less populated areas in Greece. Many of these villages hold no more than ten people in an ordinary day and come back to life only during summers and weekends. On the one hand, it is sad to witness the decline of this once upon powerful state. On the other it is the reason why it is relative touristically undeveloped and so well preserved.
The fact that until 1974 everybody who lived in Vradeto—the highest village of Zagori, had to walk for an hour just to get to the nearest road is indicative. This place’s isolation and serenity is what makes it so rare and seductive. You can’t find this easily anymore.
The villages share some very interesting characteristics, some typical for Greece and some not. Every single one has a central square with a plane tree. This is no accident. People always started building around this specific kind of tree because of the water spring that is always present nearby. The first buildings raised were usually a school, a church and the kafeneion (coffee shop) which was the place that men gathered to socialize. Not far, a fountain was always built for women to get water and socialize while waiting for their mud-made pots to fill up.
Kapesovo village has more dogs and cats than residents
The houses in Zagori are made from stone including their eloquent roofs on which rows of limestone slabs are placed in a way that cause water to flow downwards without getting inside. This kind of building has helped the villages to be integrated with their surroundings, and in the past, to stay less visible to robbers from afar. It has also kept them standing through the centuries with just a little bit of maintenance. Today, the law doesn’t allow for any kind of alterations or demolitions and the local architecture is considered a national treasure.
Megalo Papingo under the towers of Astraka
Another distinctive architectural element of the region is the stone-built bridges. The villages are connected with small trails through the forests over rivers and streams. For this, more than a hundred and sixty arched bridges were built by master builders in the course of many centuries. Stone by stone from the rock that the land had to offer, the builders where working not based on scientific knowledge but intuition and experience that they had acquired while working next to older builders. First they constructed wooden scaffolds in the shape of the arch they wanted to build. Then, the first stones called tholites were placed after been carved and tapered by the craftsmen in order to shape the arch and transfer the weight to the foundations. The last stone called kleidi (key) jammed everything in place. More layers of stone followed on top. If everything went right, after the removal of the scaffolds the bridge would remain intact. Sometimes it didn’t, and for this, many superstitions were created about them. One of the most famous is about women who happened to miscarry. They would go on top of a bridge, and push a stone into the water to take revenge from the river which was considered a symbol of fertility. Today less than a hundred of these magnificent bridges are still standing.
Kalogeriko is the most iconic bridge of Zagori
As in the rest of Greece, food in Zagori is of paramount importance. All over the region, people produce their own dairy products which are of the highest quality as is the local meat from cattle, goat and sheep. Pies are another loca delicacy. Usually made from corn flour and produced in great variety. Cheese pie, mushroom pie, chicken pie, and blatsaria (a crispy pie made of local greens) are just a few of them.Mushrooms and truffles are also plentiful in the forests and widely used. From fruits, very common is the use of crana (cornus mas/berry) which is used to make delicious home-made marmalade and liqueur.
Planning your Trip
Zagori was in my sights for a long time. It was calling me through photographs and people who had been there and ineffectively tried to describe it but couldn’t, and settled by describing their awe instead. I could see its spell on them.
We decided to go in the middle of autumn so that the weather wouldn’t be hot, something we dislike while hiking. At the same time, we risked rainy weather which I don’t mind while hiking but I do mind while shooting. Searching around the internet I could see that there were many options for trails and routes but not much information about them. Backpacking the whole trip was tempting but the fact that there are not many markets, or any bakeries working on a daily basis meant a heavy pack that I wasn’t very eager to carry for a week and a distance of almost a hundred kilometers. Veronika wasn’t thrilled either since after this trip she would go straight back to work.
Veroninja hiking Mt. Tymfi
I made a plan for a village to village trek but I wasn’t sure that it was realistic. It looked good on map but I still had my doubts. The biggest issue was that we wanted to see as much of Zagori as possible. In order to do that we would have to cross Mt. Tymfi. Most people climb there from Mikro Papingo village all the way to Dragon Lake, spent the night at the refuge of Astraka and come down from the same way. But that was leaving us with the problem of what to do next. There is no regular bus or any other means of transportation. How would we carry on?
The other option and what I would really like to do, was to cross the whole mountain range moving south and descend from the other side at Tsepelovo or Vitsa. That would be a two day hike and the info that I could find about it was minimum. In Greece trail signs are not systematically placed and maintained.
Eventually we decided to try something for the first time. Seek support from a local guide. And by that I don’t mean a guided tour. We prefer to hike alone, plus we wanted to keep costs down. After a small research I located a local company which was offering unguided tours. They would arrange all accommodation, move our luggage from one place to another while we hiked and provide food supplies for the trails.
This way we would be able to see as much of the place as possible and hike relative comfortably. Another benefit was that in case of bad weather the company would reroute us so that we wouldn’t lose a day sitting like ducks. There are trails that become very dangerous with bad weather, like Vikos gorge because of rocks collapsing under raining, or Astraka to Tsepelovo when the mist drops visibility to few meters and the possibility of getting lost is substantial.
After a few phone calls and some texts, Nikos (owner of Hikes4all) made a custom made schedule for us, which was exactly what we wanted, while keeping the cost within a very reasonable margin. Eventually everything went as planned.
A misty morning the sun rises over the infinite country
There are some rare occasions when expectations actually meet reality. Our trip to Zagori was one of these. It proved to be the best trip we had so far. It was a week that we managed to leave behind every worry of our everyday lives and just be absorbed by the present. Just us, nature and a few locals who fight every day to preserve their way of life and live in harmony with their surroundings. In the following articles, I tried to picture my experiences as true as possible and show the spirit of this amazing land and its people.